On the left side of a road to Onzanji-temple, Shikoku Sacred Site No. 18 Fudasho, you can find a barn where a huge cow is kept. At first I was wondering that there was a large black mass on the pilgrimage, but it was a beef cattle. Many Japanese cows are in barns. There are about 3.8 million cows in Japan, but 10% of them are grazing. On the other hand, Brazil, which has a large land area, has about 244 million cattle, of which 215 million are grazing. Free range is recommended for animal welfare, but the number of pastures is small in Japan because livestock farmers do not have large land. However, there is 4,230 square kilometers of agricultural fallow land, and recently it seems that part of it has started to be used for grazing. However, it is still 101 square kilometers, and it is expected that cattle will be raised by grazing in the future. Now, when cattle are grazing, attaching IoT devices to the cattle and managing the condition for 24 hours is the method of precision livestock farming (PLF). and ICT technologies including batteries, sensors, networks, clouds, machine learning are expected to be widely/wisely used. Since animals are not “things”, we may have to call them IoA (Internet of Animals) instead of IoT.
Nobuo FUJII was working for NTT R&D and NTT Groups where he studied and developed transport network operation systems. He also worked for ITU-T and other standard organizations, fora and consortia so as to develop operation system architectures and interfaces. He is an IEICE fellow. He joined CCI in 2014.