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Standardization of Internet of Things (1) Recent Trends

Standardization activities on Internet of Things (IoT) seem to be more and more active. Collecting information from things, analyzing collected information as part of big data and controlling things composes an operational flow for IoT. This operation has potential to create new services or new applications as an outcome of IoT. Home automation is one of application field that many people can imagine. Things identified in the home automation area are following:

As part of house:

  • Lighting
  • Light switches
  • Smart meters
  • Garage door opener
  • HVAC equipment
  • Radiator bulbs
  • Smart plugs
  • Fans
  • Shade or blinds control
  • Thermostat
  • Door locks
  • Door bell
  • Smoke detectors
  • CO detectors
  • Glass break sensors
  • Door sensors
  • Window sensors

As additional equipment

  • Gateway
  • In home display
  • Appliances
  • Robots/cleaners
  • Motion sensors

For people there:

  • Body sensors
  • Healthcare appliances, etc.

Above mentioned things denoted as IoT are monitored and controlled by a management system for realizing home automation. For example, a motion sensor detects people in the room and a management system controls HVAC equipment associated with lighting and shade control to minimize the use of energy at home. The management system may be installed in the home system or on a cloud system. The energy management is an example. Other services are disaster prevention, clime prevention, benevolent watch, living support, etc.

Standardization of IoT becomes important, since:

  • Sensor technologies have advanced and become affordable;
  • Radio technologies have advanced and information are collectable;
  • Cost effective embedded technologies of information processing are enable; and
  • Many feasible application fields are identified due to cost effective solution realization.

 

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Nobuo FUJII was working for NTT R&D and NTT Groups where he studied and developed transport network operation systems. He also worked for ITU-T and other standard organizations, fora and consortia so as to develop operation system architectures and interfaces. He is an IEICE fellow. He joined CCI in 2014.

 

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